Water Softeners 101: Plumbing Services in Geneva, IL, You Should Know About

Hard water is a broad term used to refer to a water supply that has high quantities of minerals from the earth – typically calcium and magnesium. Water is called “soft” if it lacks these minerals in substantial quantities. Water can be naturally soft, such as water derived from lakes and streams. Or it can also be soft due to applied artificial treatment, either at the municipal water utility company or by means of an in-house water treatment appliance known as a water softener installed by the company that provides your plumbing services in Geneva, IL.

If water is hard, it usually reduces the ability of soap to lather up into bubbles, and the minerals in the water can combine with the soap to form a sticky scum that clings. If you’ve noticed you have problems with water spots on dishes, it may indicate your house has a hard water problem.

Types of Water Softeners

Water softeners installed by plumbing services technicians come in several types:

Ion Exchange

This is the most common type of water softener in residential use, and it works by removing calcium and magnesium ions and replacing them with sodium ions, which do not have the negative effects of calcium and magnesium.


This type of device uses a mechanical filter to remove calcium. A plumbing services expert will tell you that this option does not work well on very hard water, and it does not remove magnesium.

Reverse Osmosis

Water is filtered through a membrane that removes almost 98% of water impurities. It is typically a more costly option but is very good at removing other chemical impurities in addition to calcium and magnesium.